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Central London Property Trust Ltd v High Trees House Ltd [1947] KB 130

Facts:

P leased apts to D. During war 1/3 were rented. Reduced rent for that period. Increased rent after that period.

Issue(s):

Can D rely on the subsequent reliance for paying less rent?

Ratio:

TEST: If a promise is intended to be binding, intended to be acted upon, and was acted on, it is binding so far as the terms properly apply. – actual reliance – cant go back on word given = promissory estoppel.

If a promise is made and only intended to apply under certain conditions, once those conditions no longer exist, the promise is no longer binding.

Analysis:

When the apts became fully rented, the reduction ceased to apply

Comments:

When can you apply the Hightrees principle?
**CANT apply it when no prior contractual relationship
**CAN apply when modifying a contract


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