B drove to golf course with other people. They had planned and started to beat and rape here. B held her told her to be quiet. B stood by and watched them kill and rape her
Does willful blindness satisfy the MR?
In order to convict under s.21(1) for the MR the person must have the intent and knowledge (that the principal was going to carry out an unlawful act) - wilful blindness satisfies this
s.21(1) makes perpetrators, aiders, and abettors equally liable
**The person who provided the gun, therefore, may be found guilty of the same offence as the one who pulls the trigger.
Purpose = intent and knowledge.
Bs actions made him a party to the offence
Significantly broadens liability – WILLFUL BLINESS SATISIFIES KNOWLEDGE in this case