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R v Steane 1947 KB 997

Facts:

S arrested during war time. He was ordered to read news daily. S asserts he had no intention of assisting the enemy.

Assisting the enemy:
**AR: Did they commit the act that is likely to assist the enemy?
**MR: Did the accused intend to make the broadcasts? AND, Did he intend to assist the enemy? (was the ulterior purpose in doing the broadcast of S to assist the enemy?)

Issue(s):

What is the meaning of intent?

Ratio:

We can infer a person’s intent from the natural consequences of a person’s act.

A man is taken to intend the natural consequences of his acts.

Analysis:

Subjective mens rea is proof of the actual state of mind at the time of incident, it may be difficult to ascertain
**Therefore we can infer their state of mind by saying a man intend the natural consequences of their acts

Holding:

Conviction overturned – S allowed to go free


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